Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Because domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, if your child is looking for a new pet, a domestic rat could be the family’s good choice. Wild rats though are never good once they infest your home aside from not being cute. When you sense and show signs that the rats and their families are starting to occupy your outbuildings, garage, attic or basement, then you should already be concern.
There are two main types of rats and these are the black and brown rats, although they come in different sub-species. The rats that came from Asia were small, however, their relatives are much larger and these are what you see in your own cities and towns.
Rats migrated around the globe just like humans, and they follow soldiers and traders along Asia’s and Europe’s trade routes. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Small animals can also be attacked by rats if they cannot find any other food.
For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. It was recorded that 25 million people died in the Middle Ages termed as the black death, where people just collapsed on the streets with disease spreading around, and this was known to be the Bubonic Plague caused by rats which were infested with fleas.
Nowadays, an outbreak of the disease can be prevented since we have now a better understanding of the disease and how to prevent it. But, with rats still around, the spreading of disease is still possible, and thus we need to deal the situation as quickly as possible to prevent infestation.
If you see rats living and breeding your surroundings, you should be concern of this condition since rat-borne disease called leptospirosis is the most common to occur.
If you consume food or water which are contaminated by rats, you could get the disease called salmonella. Another fatal disease due to exposure to rat droppings or rat urine, is called hantavirus, and this is a fatal one. Another disease is called e-coli which is a very common infestation among the rat population and contaminated water and food could be a source of infection among humans.